LI: identify the features of a non-chronological report
Thinking about what you already know about non-chronological reports.
Look at the report on guinea pigs (in your pack). Identify the features of a non-chronological report using the checklist to help you. Underline what you find in the colour indicated on the checklist.
Extension – can you find any other grammar in the report?
LI: create an introduction
- Think about: if you were to write a report on an animal, what kind of information would you need to include?
You would need to think about an introduction, discussing different species, where they live (habitat), diet, etc.
- What information would you need to collect if you were writing a report about a city?
You would need to think about landmarks, weather, location, currency, climate, etc.
- Have a look at the passage on sharks (see link) – is it a report? How do you know?
- When writing an introduction for a report, you need to include the name of the animal and general information about it. Look at the information below about sharks. Use this information to create an introduction for a non-chronological report.
Sharks are a type of fish but instead of having bones, their skeleton is made of cartilage. This is what your ears and the tip of your nose are made from. There are more than 500 different species of shark, including the great white shark, grey reef shark, hammerhead shark and tiger shark. Scientists believe that sharks have been in our oceans for around 455 million years. Some species of sharks prefer to live alone while others live in groups called a school or shoal.
Sharks are ancient animals. They’ve been on earth for at least 420 million years. Sharks, unlike most fish, don’t have bones, but cartilage, which is a soft, sinewy substance. They have several rows of teeth and might have as many as 3,000 teeth in their mouths at one time. When one tooth falls out, another one moves forward to replace it.
- It’s hard to see in the murky waters of the deep, but sharks have excellent vision. Their night vision is better than a cat’s or a wolf’s.
- A shark’s sense of smell is 10,000 times better than a human’s.
- Sharks can detect electrical impulses, including another animal’s beating heart. That’s a little creepy, isn’t it?
- Sharks are picky eaters. They often take one bite of something before they decide to go in for the kill. This is why they often swim away after “tasting” a human.
LI: create expanded noun phrases
What is an expanded noun phrase?
A phrase which contains at least two adjectives as well as a preposition or three adjectives eg. the large, fluffy, black cat under the table
Where is the noun?
Where are the adjectives?
Where is the determiner?
Where is the preposition?
Where is the expanded noun phrase?
Share some examples of expanded noun phrases for the picture of Jerry.
LI: create an introduction
Children will need to choose an animal they would like to research so they can write an introduction for a report. Remember to include what you have been learning in previous lessons! (think about the name of the animal and general information). Use the following link to help with finding information. Children will need to take notes while researching, writing down the information they would like to include in their introduction.
LI: create a report
If we wanted to create a report about Birmingham, what kind of information would we want to include? Brainstorm what you know about Birmingham (if you need to, you can go online to find out some information!) Think about climate, where Birmingham is, what Birmingham is famous for, landmarks, etc.
- Children will then use their mind map with the information to create an introduction and subheadings for a report about Birmingham.
The school bus honked from the road.
"Run!" commanded Mrs Arable, taking the pig from Fern and slipping a doughnut into her hand. Avery grabbed his gun and another doughnut.
The children ran out to the road and climbed onto the bus. Fern took no notice of the others on the bus. She just sat and stared out of the window, thinking what a blissful world it was and how lucky she was to have entire charge of a pig. By the time the bus reached the school, Fern had named her pet, selecting the most beautiful name she could think of.
"It's name is Wilbur," she whispered to herself.
She was still thinking about the pig when her teacher said, "Fern, what is the capital of Pennsylvania?"
"Wilbur," replied Fern dreamily. The pupils giggled. Fern blushed.
- Find a sentence which tells the reader the children were running late for the bus.
- Why did Fern think the world was ‘blissful’?
- Find a synonym used in this passage for embarrassed.
- What do you think Fern might do when she gets home?
- What might Fern’s classmates think of her right now?
- When Fern got on the bus, what was she thinking about?
For the first few days of his life, Wilbur was allowed to live in a box near the stove in the kitchen. Then, when Mrs Arable complained, he was moved to a bigger box in the woodshed. At two weeks of age, he was moved outdoors. It was apple-blossom time, and the days were getting warmer. Mr Arable fixed a small yard especially for Wilbur under an apple tree, and gave him a large wooden box full of straw, with a doorway cut in it so he could walk in and out as he pleased.
"Won't he be cold at night?" asked Fern.
"No," said her father. "You watch and see what he does."
Carrying a bottle of milk, Fern sat down under the apple tree inside the yard. Wilbur ran to her and she held the bottle for him while he sucked. When he had finished the last drop, he grunted and walked sleepily into the box. Fern peered through the door. Wilbur was poking the straw with his snout. In a short time he had dug a tunnel in the straw. He crawled into the tunnel and disappeared from sight, completely covered with straw.
- Copy the phrase which tells you spring was approaching.
- Why won't Wilbur be cold at night?
- Find a synonym for looked.
- Choose part of the passage which gives you a good visualisation in your head. Draw it.
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